In a recent comment TP wrote:
In an attempt to stay topical, it is my position that Penrose's argument against "Strong AI" procludes the "intelligence is algorithmic" presumption.
I maintain that the only way AI can have consciousness is if it includes Quantum Mechanics (which is not algorithmic).
Henry P. Stapp wrote Why Classical Mechanics Cannot Naturally Accommodate Consciousness but Quantum Mechanics Can. The link contains some thought provoking questions: