I only just found out that Jerry Fodor recently debated Philip Kitcher on the merits of Darwinism, specifically the value of natural selection in an explanatory capacity. While Fodor is an avowed atheist and metaphysical naturalist, he nevertheless takes a very dim view of Darwinism (though not evolution or common descent), and I tend to find his views interesting for one reason only: His ability to really, really irritate a diverse array of people.
In the interest of helping him out with that, I now provide a link to Jerry Fodor's paper Against Darwinism. Here's one interesting footnote.
As usual, not attending to the intensionality of one’s explanatory constructs eventuates in all sorts of silliness. Thus Jarrel Diamond (in his Introduction to Ernst Mayr’s What Evolution Is Basic Books, 2001) wonders (rhetorically) ‘How can one explain the remarkable adaptation of every species to its chosen niche? ‘ (p. x). Likewise Sober (1993) p.186: “The exquisite fit of organisms to their environments … is one of the central phenomena that the theory of evolution by natural selection attempts to explain.” (See also passages from Dobzhansky quoted on p 49 of Sterelny and Griffiths.) But, so long as `degree of fitness’ and `the organism’s environment’ are specified post-hoc, there’s nothing here to wonder at except a tautology. If a certain creature fails to occupy a certain niche exactly, then it just follows that that isn’t exactly the niche that the creature occupies. Imagine a research program directed to explaining why each creature fits so precisely into the corresponding hole in space. Would the NSF be well-advised to fund it? Or imagine Scrooge before his tragic capitulation: `The chap who is living in the gutter on scraps from the tables of the rich has nothing to complain of , for he is perfectly adapted to living in exactly the way that he does; viz in the gutter on scraps from the tables of the rich.’ This would be a joke if it were funny.
Fodor also has a book due out this or next year entitled "What Darwin Got Wrong", with co-author Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini. As it sounds like it will really irritate many people, I look forward to reading it. Until then, here's a thread for talking about Fodor's paper.